Round or green cabbage is known as 高丽菜 (gao li cai) or 卷心菜 (juan xin cai) or 包心菜 (bao xin cai). It is "famous" because it is the key ingredient in the 7 Day Cabbage Soup Diet Eating Plan.
I saw the 7-day diet and it is obvious that it was designed for a Western diet. Baked potato with butter isn't something common on the Chinese table.
It is highly nutritious. It contains Vitamin A, K1, U, and especially high level of Vitamin C. It also contains manganese which supports metabolism.
Dieticians believe that the round cabbage is an ideal ingredient in a weight loss eating plan since it has very low caloric count. But I don't think the 7-Day diet is the best way to do it.
It is also a key ingredient in coleslaw, and a side dish for Japanese katsu (fried pork cutlet). The problem I have with eating raw green cabbage is the gas it creates. Not a very socially acceptable side effect.
I prefer to use them in soup. Here are 3 recipes:
Recipe 1: Simple green cabbage soup recipe
50g round cabbage
1 cup of soup stock
Salt and pepper
Wash the cabbage and cut into slightly bigger than bite-sized pieces
Place the cabbage into the soup pot, add the stock.
Bring the stock to a boil
Turn down the heat to low and simmer for 8 minutes
Add salt and pepper to taste
Note: Lengthen the simmering time if you like softer vegetables
Recipe 2: Chicken Cabbage Soup Recipe
This chicken cabbage soup is good for someone recovering for flu or the cold. The cabbage is cooked till soft and sweet.
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